Different skin types and how to care for them

Different skin types and how to care for them

It is important you know your skin type so as to know how best to care for it and keep it glowing as you always want it. As you age, your skin type may change over time. Your once normal skin type can start becoming dry.

Skin types include normal, oily, dry and sensitive. Some people also have a combination of skin types in different areas of their skin.

Skin types vary depending upon a combination of factors. They include your skin’s:

Water content – affects your skin’s comfort and elasticity.
Lipid (oil) content – affects your skin’s softness and nutrition.
Level of sensitivity – affects your skin’s tolerance to certain substances.

What’s your skin type?

Normal skin type

If you have a normal skin type, you’re lucky to have skin that has a good balance and the right amounts of water and lipids.

Normal skin has:

No or few imperfections
No severe sensitivity
Barely visible pores
A radiant complexion

Combination skin type

A combination skin type can be dry or normal in some areas, and oily in others, such as the T-zone. The T-zone is the nose, forehead, and chin area. A common skin type, combination skin may benefit from slightly different types of skin care in different areas.

Combination skin can produce:

Overly dilated pores
Shiny skin

This type of skin results from genetic or hormonal factors that cause an imbalance in how much and where lipids are produced. It can also vary, depending on the weather.

Dry skin type

Dry skin can produce:

Almost invisible pores
Dull, rough complexion
Red patches
Less elasticity
More visible lines

When exposed to drying factors, skin can flake, crack, peel or become itchy, irritated or inflamed. If your skin is very dry, it can become rough and scaly, especially on the backs of your hands, arms, and legs.

Dry skin may be caused or worsened by:

Ageing or changes in hormones
Weather such as wind, sun, or cold or ultraviolet (UV) radiation
Indoor heating
Long hot baths and showers
Ingredients in soaps, cosmetics or cleaning agents

Here are some tips for taking better care of dry skin:

Take shorter showers and baths, no more than once daily.
Use mild, gentle soaps or cleansers. Avoid deodorant soaps.
Don’t scrub while bathing or drying.
Apply a rich moisturiser right after bathing. Ointments and creams may work better than lotions for dry skin. Re-apply as needed throughout the day.
Use a humidifier and don’t let indoor temperatures get too hot.
Buy natural cleaning products.
Wear gloves when using cleaning agents, solvents or household detergents.

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